Holy Tree of Hindu Parijatak or Nyctanthes arbor tristis or Night flowering Jasmine

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Holy Tree of Hindu Parijatak or Nyctanthes arbor tristis or Night flowering Jasmine
Parijat or Parijatak,Nyctanthes arbor-tristis (Night-flowering Jasmine) is a species of Nyctanthes, native to South Asia & Southeast Asia.Nyctanthes arbor-tristis is a shrub or a small tree growing to 10 m tall, with flaky grey bark. The leaves are opposite, simple, 6–12 cm long and 2–6.5 cm broad, with an entire margin. The flowers are fragrant, with a five- to eight-lobed white corolla with an orange-red centre; they are produced in clusters of two to seven together, with individual flowers opening at dusk and finishing at dawn. The fruit is a flat brown heart-shaped to round capsule 2 cm diameter, with two sections each containing a single seed.Nyctanthes arbor-tristis (sometimes incorrectly cited as Nyctanthes arbortristis or Nyctanthes arbor tristis) is commonly known as "Singgarei" in Manipuri, Sewali (শেৱালি) (pronounced as Xewali) in Assamese 'Shefali (শেফালী ) or Shiuli (শিউলি) in Bengali. Official State flower of West Bengal.Night-flowering Jasmine, Coral Jasmine ,Parijat (also spelled Paarijat or Paarijaata[),Harsingar ,Shephalika,Parijatha, Parijataka, Ragapushpi, Kharapatraka, Prajakta,Nalakumkumaka, Harshingarapushpak, Suklangi, Rajanihasa, Malika, Aparajitha, Vijaya, Nisahasa, Praharshini, Pravalanalika, Vathari, bhoothakeshi, Seetamanjari, Subaha, Nishipushpika (in Sanskrit)
Paarijaatham (పారిజాతము) or Pagadamalle (పగడమల్లి) in Telugu.Paarijaata (ಪಾರಿಜಾತ) or Goli (ಗೋಳಿ) in Kannada
Paarijaat (पारिजात) or Paarijatak(पारिजातक) in Marathi
Pavazha malli (பவழ மல்லி)in Tamil (Also spelled pavaza malli or pavala malli) ,Pavizha malli in Malayalam,Prajakta or Prajakt in Sanskrit.Shephali/Shefali (ଶେଫାଳି) or Ganga Shiuli (ଗଙ୍ଗ ଶିଉଳି) in Oriya.The tree is sometimes called the "tree of sorrow", because the flowers lose their brightness during daytime; the scientific name arbor-tristis also means "sad tree". The flowers can be used as a source of yellow dye for clothing. The flower is the official flower of the state of West Bengal, India, and for Kanchanaburi Province, Thailand.Parijat, Nyctanthes arbor-tristis, appears in several Hindu religious stories and is often related to the Kalpavriksha.Extracts of the seeds, flowers and leaves possesses immunostimulant, hepatoprotective, antileishmanial, antiviral and antifungal activities in vitro.The leaves have been used in Ayurvedic medicine&Homoeopathic medicine for sciatica, arthritis, fevers, and various painful conditions and as laxative. Leaves: Antibacterial, Anthelmintic, Anti-inflammatory, Hepatoprotective, Immunopotential, Anti-pyretic, Antioxidant and Anti-fungal. Its new leaves are fried and used as a recipe in Assamese food. Flowers: Diuretic, Anti-bilious, Antioxidant, Anti-inflammatory, Sedative and Anti-filarial. Its dried flowers are used as components of recipe in Assamese food.Seeds: Antibacterial, Antifungal, Immunomodulatory and Antileishmanial. Bark: Anti-microbial. Stem: Antipyretic and Antioxidant. Flower oil: As perfume.

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